How to choose the best tech stack for a project in 2021?
The popularity of every great web or mobile based application depends upon how versatile and how much of an intuitive feeling does it give. Every software company, be it a 2 people startup to a global conglomerate which has oﬃces in multiple countries, attribute their success solely on their product. The DNA of a great product depends upon the various tools and languages used to make it as a successful product. Every software company is unique in its origins. Each company is created to solve a specific problem. There are companies which are in the same field and provide the same service but have uniqueness built into them through their tech stack, culture and business model.
There is a demand for a certain application. It could be mobile or web application or both. Many of the new and upcoming entrepreneurs don’t have a technical background. The lack of technical background didn’t stop some of the best companies from dominating the global environment, for example Jeﬀ Bezos of Amazon, Steve Jobs of Apple, etc. The lack of technology knowledge definitely plays a role in choosing tools of technology for your next great business idea. The tools required for each application is diﬀerent. The starting point for every tech entrepreneur, developer or tech architect would be to decide what would be their product and what are the necessary tools to build the product.
Why do we need Tech Stacks?
What are the Best Tech Stacks?
What is Angular.js?
How does Angular.js utilize MVC Model?
The MVC model stands for Model-View-Controller. This model is used by most projects due to it having industry based standards which makes the projects scalable and also extensible. The major drawback of Angular is that it is very vast and complicated. It takes a developer a lot of time and energy to master the concepts of Angular. Angular is not an easy framework to learn. There arises another challenge of diﬀerent programming techniques which in turn creates variables which increases the diﬃculty of integrating the components. Angular also suﬀers from the diﬃculty of a complex life cycle. Angular also has a poor scalability which in turn aﬀects the performance. The major drawback of Angular comes from the lag which is experienced in the UI when there are multiple users. Another drawback which Angular faces is that there is no backward compatibility.
What is Express.js?
Express.js is a framework designed for Node.js. The speciality of Express.js is that it is very minimal in design and is very straight forward. It is extremely fast to use and the framework is specifically designed to be a web application for Node. The features of Express.js increase the eﬃciency of development of web applications using Node.js The various features of Express.js make it super accessible and versatile for web developers to use Node.js to develop applications. The design of Express.js has been made using the middleware module of the Node.js. This middleware module helps with the connection of implements and the https module. This leads to connection of most of the middleware modules which support integration of Express.js.
What are the Advantages of Express.js?
Express.js makes it eﬀortlessly easy to use any Node.js web based applications.
Express.js stands out from other frameworks by being very versatile and easy to configure and customise.
The framework of Express.js makes it easier to configure and customise various components.
Express.js is that it allows developers to maintain routes which are based on URLs and standard HTTPs methodology.
Express.js is the ability of having various middleware modules. They can be utilised to create extra routines for response and request. Template engines like Vash, EJS, etc are supported and are compatible with Express.js framework.
Express.js also supports the procedures which deal with error-handling. There is also a feature of Express.js which serves the static files and provides resources and makes it easier for the usage of applications.
Express.js also supports the API generation of RESTful. The major advantage of Express.js is that it connects with databases like MongoDB, MySQl,etc.
What is Node.js?
The major advantage of Node.js compared to other runtime environments is that it is extremely fast and responsive.
It is an open source environment which means that the community is very active and it has a lot of users providing constant feedback.
Node.js is increasing it’s base and more and more developers are adapting it which makes the technology to stay for a long time to come.
Node.js provides support for the development of applications in Real-Time.
The developers using Node.js find it that it enhances the overall productivity.
On the other hand, there are disadvantages for using Node.js:
Node.js provides below optimum performance for CPU queries which are intensive.
Node.js provides a completely low performance with applications which are large scale.
Node.js also experiences the issue of not being consistent with the application program interface (API).
Another issue which developers face while using Node.js is that they experience low quality usage of relational databases.
What is MongoDB?
MongoDB is a document database. It is an open source database which aims to provide continuous application data. MongoDB is designed by its developers to be excellent in scalability. The database is focused on keeping the agile needs of the developers. MongoDB provides a very diverse functionality which focuses on providing the solution to issues which have a diﬀerence between key-value stores. MongoDB is extremely fast. MongoDB makes sure that it’s easily scalable. MongoDB provides a relational database which is rich in functions. The data in MongoDB is stored in key pair values. MongoDB utilises this function over the traditional function of using rows and columns grid. MongoDB is a database which is designed to be not like NO-SQL. This highlights its use of key pair values unlike the traditional databases.
The advantages of MongoDB includes it having a schema less database.
MongoDB has an object structure which is focused on clarity.
MongoDB is highly scalable and it focuses on supporting deep queries.
MongoDB also has a higher quality of tuning.
Developers find MongoDB to be extra useful when unlike other databases, MongoDb stores the working set in internal memory which in turn provides quick access to data.
MongoDB has certain disadvantages. MongoDB has a huge data size. MongoDB is quite inflexible when it is running queries.
MongoDB also faces the problem of it not having a support for transactions.
MongoDB is currently quite slow in performing the functions of data analysis and it’s speed can be improved
What is MERN stack?
The MERN stack focuses on being a multipurpose tool which makes it eﬃcient to create applications which are multi purpose. MERN stack includes MongoDB, Express.js, React.js and Node.js. The major diﬀerence between the two stacks include that MEAN stack has Angular.js whereas the MERN stack has React.js. The advantage of MERN stack is that it is very easy to set up. MERN stack utilises previously considered excellent technology and makes it easier for developers to utilise it.
What is React.js?
Which is better: Angular.js or React.js?
Advantages of Angular.js
The diﬀerence between framework and library is that framework focuses on its structure to provide the code.
The framework specifically provides the right architecture to make sure that the code is organised properly.
Angular.js focuses on utilising the Model-View-Controller structure in development of front-end based applications.
Angular.js also sets itself apart by providing additional functions.
Angular.js has a specific built in function in order to make the https requests.
Angular.js clearly has a lot of advantages over React.js yet both are utilised exactly for one reason: to make the presentation layer of the application to be organised and to be rendered nonchalantly. Angular.js and React.js both utilize MongoDB, Express.js and Node.js which in turn are aimed to achieve the same result.
Disadvantages of Angular.js
When compared on the basis of performance then React.js arguably performs better than Angular.js.
Angular.js implements the data binding and digest cycles which is two way. This is done in order to enable the view layer synchronisation with the underlying layer of data.
This provides a big drawback as tens of data items needs to be constantly updated and will be expensive for the developer.
The changes of state are easily detected using the unidirectional data flow and it is extremely useful when there are data sets which are huge in size and easily thousands of records can be updated and rendered.
Which Stack is better?
The choosing of the correct stack comes down to the choice of the developer at the end of the day. The two popular stacks in the market right now are the MEAN stack and the MERN stack. It is more advisable for a developer to choose MERN stack if they are only proficient in only React.js. When it comes to projects which are small or medium in size then the diﬀerence between using either of the stacks becomes negligible. The major contributing factor at the end of the day would be the developer’s experience and expertise in using the two stacks and which in turn will result in the completion of the project at the right time. A developer while choosing the correct stack needs to decide on the central aspect of the stack as both the stacks have similar features. Both React.js and Angular.js use the business logic to parse for web development.
Why is the MERN Stack better?
How to Choose the Right Tech Stack?
The choosing of the right tech stack requires keeping all the variables in mind. The developer needs to focus on various factors such as the budget for the project and availability of the right team and the timeline to finish the project. The developer can choose either of the two popular tech stacks and fit in according to his/her goal of the completion of the project. There are many stacks but the two major stacks are preferred by developers and by corporations from all around the world. As the popularity of these stacks tend to continue the developer can easily build projects using these stacks as there will be a continuous support and development from the community which utilises these stacks.
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